This paper examines Steve Biko’s distinction between black and non-white as a project in the “amelioration” of social concepts and categories. I discuss Biko’s continuity with Frantz Fanon, but also attempt to show how Biko moves beyond Fanon in crucial ways, solving problems that Fanon confronted. I explore the ways Biko attempts to transform an existing set of oppressive social categories in the world into new social categories.
in Debating African Philosophy: Perspectives on Identity, Decolonial Ethics and Comparative Philosophy, ed. by George Hull, pp. 97-117. New York: Routledge, 2018.